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English Voluntaries




Fifth of a Series of


PIPE ORGAN “MINI” RECITALS
at
Church of the Incarnation

550 Mendocino Avenue, Santa Rosa, California

Co-sponsored with the Redwood Chapter of the American Guild of Organists

Friday, January 8, 2010, 6:00 PM

featuring


Cheryl Ziedrich

playing

English Voluntaries


Voluntary is a peculiarly English term for organ music intended to be played for worship services.  The earliest voluntaries, c. 1550, were freely composed, short and imitative.  By the eighteenth century published voluntaries usually had two movements, a slow introduction and a faster section.  In practice, the slow movement may have been played before or during the service, when the music was expected to be soothing or solemn.  As postludes, concluding voluntaries were often played on Full Great to overcome the noise of the congregation leaving the building.  Trumpet voluntaries might be played between the Psalms and Lessons in Morning Prayer.  Festive occasions called for brilliance, including Cornet pieces in minor keys.  The English organs of this time typically had only two manuals and no pedals at all; pedals were not introduced in England until the end of the eighteenth century.

The six composers represented here were all active in London.  Croft is buried in Westminster Abbey, as is Handel.  Greene and his student Boyce rest in Saint Paul’s Cathedral where they both served.  Very little is known about Henry Heron; his voluntaries are his only known works, but they shine with imagination and energy.


 
Program:  English Voluntaries


Voluntary III in D Major    William Croft  (1678-1727)


Voluntary III         George Frederick Handel  (1685-1759)
    Slow
    Allegro
    Largo
    Fugue


Voluntary in B Flat        Maurice Greene  (1695-1755)
    Andante
    Vivace


Voluntary I in D Major    William Boyce  (1710-1779)
    Larghetto
    Vivace

Voluntary IX in E minor    John Stanley  (1713-1786)
    Adagio
    Andante


Voluntary III in D minor    Henry Heron  (c.1745-1795)
   
Slow

    Allegro


Voluntary IX in A Major    Heron
    Largo
    Allegro


Voluntary VII in G Major    Heron
    Largo
    Allegro

This is the fifth in a series of  organ recitals beginning at 6:00 PM that premiered this fall on the second Friday of each month. Designed to feature the Incarnation Casavant Pipe Organ and local musicians, the recitals offer an opportunity to start your Friday evening with some enjoyable organ music, followed by perhaps a dinner in a downtown Santa Rosa Restaurant.  Featured organists have included Harold Julander, Leslie Dukes, Janis Wilson, and Beth Zucchino.
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